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Latest documents

  • RTI Act and Financial Institutions Altercation: An Anathema to Progressive Democratic Regime
  • Emerging Trends of Cybernated Transactions in India: An Outlook Amidst Covid-19 Pandemic

    In Indian economy, the cashless transaction is not a new phenomenon. However, the pandemic gave a sizeable push in the endeavour to marginalise cash transactions. The objective of this article is to discover the actual impact of Covid-19 on the preferences of people while making transactions. For primary data collection, Google questionnaire was sent all over India to all age-groups. Respondents are from all types of socio-economic status. Graphical and tabulation approach was used as a data tool. In this research article, a comparative study has been done for analysis. It has been observed that when the cases of Covid-19 were on the rise in India, the digital mode of payment became a lifesaver as it not only eliminated the risk of social contact but also provided safety from leakage in the economy with better security as well as an easy and convenient way of transferring money.

  • Fiscal Discipline and Its Relationship with Economic Growth in India: Evidence-based Policy Analysis

    This study attempts to make an empirical analysis to evaluate the procedural progress of India in terms of public policy parameters. The study constructs a composite Fiscal Performance Index (FPI) for the period 1990–2018. The reported values show that the FPI has been significantly increasing over the last two-three decades. However, it is clearly evident that the fiscal discipline was slightly poor during the period 1998–1999 to 2003–2004. Since 2003–2004, there has been a consistent increasing trend in the fiscal discipline till 2007–2008 global financial crisis. The constructed index was further utilised to establish its relation with economic growth. The causal relationship from FPI to GDP growth is evident in the long run. The study suggests that, as a federal nation, the Central government should encourage governments at all levels to promote fiscal discipline by formulating macroeconomic policies in line with the Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management Act, 2003.

  • Four Years of Goods and Services Tax in India: Road Ahead

    The ideology behind GST was to reduce the multiplicity of existing indirect taxes and implement a uniform taxation structure across the nation. A perfect GST would have been wherein the GSTs are taxed at a single tax rate, subject to minimal or no exceptions. However, for a country like India, a tiered tax rate structure becomes inevitable to take into account the larger social agenda. GST is in the interest of trade and industry as it would do away with multiplicity of taxes and their cascading impacts. It will lead to the creation of a unified market for facilitating seamless movement of goods across the states. By subsuming a large number of Central and State taxes into a single tax, it would mitigate cascading effects or double taxation in a major way and pave the way for a national common market. However, we need to keep in mind that taxation policy has to be transparent, predictable and inclusive. This alone can maximise the favourable impact of GST on investment and growth. There is a strong case for phasing out a lot of exemptions. The GST council should seriously work on strengthening the GST system.

  • Management of Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalayas in Andhra Pradesh: The Perceptions of the Stakeholders

    The introduction of Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalayas (KGBVs) in the educationally backward blocks of the country poses challenges for the mobilisation, retention and educational activities of students. The children admitted to these schools are different from those of mainstream schools. The socio-economic background of the girls has been indicating that they are child labourers, never enrolled, dropout from schools with, risk-ridden family backgrounds, single parents, orphans, migrant workers, labour families, Below Poverty Level (BPL) and from educational accessibility-denied areas. The Special Officers (SOs), who are appointed for the management of KGBVs in terms of evolving strategies for building awareness and mobilisation of girl-child-labour to admit, retain, and motivate them for education and reaching the goal of educational attainment. In course of interaction with the SOs, it was found that in discharging their responsibilities, they face several constraints such as service conditions like contract jobs, low-level of salary, and management issues. Despite having several issues, the SOs have been working to achieve academic goals.

  • An Analysis of the Position of Speaker in Lok Sabha in India from 1952 to 2020 withSpecial Reference to the Position of Speaker of House of Representatives in the United States

    The Speaker of Lok Sabha in India is regarded as the most important office of legislative functioning. The office of the Speaker is regarded with high esteem and respect in the Parliament. The election of the Lok Sabha Speaker in India carries with it a unanimous trust of different parties in one chair. The Speaker of the United States House of Representatives is regarded as the presiding officer of the popular chamber there. The Speaker is simultaneously House’s presiding officer and the institution’s administrative head but he/she is also the parliamentary leader of the House of Representatives. This article attempts to understand the election and overall working of the Speaker’s office. This article further explores judicial intervention in the Speaker’s office in India in comparison with its counterpart in the USA.

  • The Economic Logic of Strongmen Politics
  • Crime Against Women in India: A Theoretical Review

    Sexual, physical or emotional violence against women in India is a serious form of exploitation that needs to be prevented in the nation. The objective of this article is to highlight the increasing rate, number and forms of this violence against women in the country. To protect women at individual level, it is essential to know about the forms and severity of the crimes. Further, this article is based on a theoretical analysis of a review of literature and the kind of offences women suffer. This article also analyses secondary data of National Crime Record Bureau (NCRB) from the year 2016 to 2021 (NCRB, 2016–2021) which clearly reflects that crime against women has increased although it was only very low during Covid-19. This article also attempts to emphasise on the recommendations and efforts to minimise the crime against women with the help of stakeholders of the society.

  • Understanding Sub-State’s Agency in Regionalism: The Case of Yunnan in Bangladesh–China–India–Myanmar Initiative

    Regionalism constitutes an essential unit to understanding the nature and evolution of multi-actor-dominated contemporary international relations. The ‘subnational turn’ in the regional interactions recognizes the rising role of sub-state actors such as provinces in the ‘construction’ and ‘performance’ of the ‘regionness’ to access the developmental benefits of regional and globalized capital. This paper further enriches this insight by focusing on the interaction of two components, that is, the sub-regionalism and the agency of sub-state units. It focuses on China’s Yunnan province outreach in the context of Bangladesh–China–India–Myanmar (BCIM) regionalization to critically reflect on the ‘transitioning’ agency of sub-state actors from imagining to implementing regionalism. Utilizing the analytical frameworks within paradiplomacy literature, the article emphasizes that sub-governments are substantive forces, ushering dynamic economic, political, and cultural international interactions. But, simultaneously, their power to invent and (re)define international standing is linked to larger scales of center and national. The sub-national lens on BCIM magnifies the opportunities and limitations at Yunnan’s disposal and identifies its agency as an ‘initiator’ and a ‘channel’ in the BCIM practice.

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