Indian Journal of Public Administration

Sage Publications, Inc.
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Latest documents

  • Categorisation in Forest Areas: A Study of the ‘OTFDs’ in the Forest Rights Act

    There are certain demarcated tribal areas in our country where the Scheduled Tribes (STs) have special community rights to live their lives according to their customs and maintain control over local natural resource management. The Sixth Schedule and Fifth Schedule are examples of such areas, and after the enactment of the Forest Rights Act, (FRA), 2006, there are crucial preferential provisions for the STs in forest areas of the whole country too. This article probes the historical development of categorisations in India, particularly in the context of forest-dwelling communities, and attempts to examine constitutional provisions and the provisions of different laws passed by the Parliament to evaluate the situation of other minority communities, particularly dalits, living in ‘forest areas’. In this context, the article primarily focuses on the genesis and practice of the Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (OTFDs) category. Based on the field study of the Taungya village, the article shows the problem of categorisation in forest areas and marginalisation of dalits due to this process and emphasises the need for a more dialogical and democratic process of categorisation in India.

  • A Critical Assessment of the Value of Top-Down and Bottom-Up Public Policy Implementation Theories, with Reference to the Case of Implementation of Passport Seva: An eGovernance Policy in India

    What are the challenges in public policy processes? Why do some critical public problems not carry to the agenda-setting of policy-making, or even if carried, they fail during implementation? One of the responses to these queries is that policy-making often happens in a complex, dynamic, sociopolitical environment where there are overarching structures above the policy makers and there are competing actors, ideas, groups, policy networks, institutions and policy subsystem that interact with unequal power and conflicting interests (Sanderson, 2009). It is thus realised that the systematic study of public policy is significant for bringing progressive change in society. Hence it is required to build new knowledge and to improve upon the working of public policy. This article will study the value of the top down and bottom up theories in the case of implementation of a new eGovernance policy on passport issuance in India. The findings are that due to resistance from different stakeholders, the project could be implemented only after certain bottom up changes to the policy along with change management strategies.

  • Census Mapping in India and Role of GIS: A Look Ahead at Census 2021

    The 2021 Census of India for over 1.3 billion population deploying 3 million enumerators, has significant evidence value for 71 countries where census is scheduled during 2021. Census mapping plays a major role in accurate, complete and timely census. It delineates the exact and correct boundaries of all the administrative units. The Indian census has been using Geographic Information System (GIS) technologies over the last three censuses. In this study, we focus on the applications and methodologies being adopted for the census mapping in Census 2021 in India which is going to be the first digital Census of India. Five mobile apps have been developed for data collection and for map-related work. The 2021 Indian census utilises the latest census mapping techniques, namely standardisation of GIS spatial database design, geo-referencing of administrative units and latest mobile mapping application (Arc GIS Quick Capture) for field operations and built-up area digitisation work. We also discuss the various challenges and their solutions for census mapping in India, most prominently a high quality, updated, comprehensive and geo-referenced address registry for accurate data collection and mapping, and the use of geo-referenced high-resolution satellite images at village level for covering the gaps in rural boundary maps.

  • Book review: Subhash Sharma, Development and its Discontent

    Subhash Sharma, Development and its Discontent. New Delhi: Rawat Publications, XIV+266 pp., ₹850.00, ISBN: 9788131607077.

  • Book review: Nandini Sundar, The Burning Forest: India’s War in Bastar

    Nandini Sundar, The Burning Forest: India’s War in Bastar. New Delhi: Juggernaut Books, 2016, 350 pp., ₹699, ISBN 978-93-8622-800-0.

  • The CM Window in Haryana: A Landmark Initiative for Grievance Redressal

    Grievance redressal is often a general administrative exercise which is adopted by various state governments and agencies with varying degrees of commitment and efficacy. An ideal redressal mechanism aims at safeguarding degrees against official apathy, corruption and systemic aberrations. It also implicitly acts as a deterrent to erring agencies and functionaries as well as sets a benchmark for a higher executive’s oversight to peoples’ complaints. A revisit to the course and manner of this hitherto routine exercise reveals that the functional and effectual system for addressing people’s grievances has to include a mechanism which is specific as well as achievable and includes a procedure for measurable performance. The CM Window initiative of the Government of Haryana has set its sight at unrestricted grievance redressal across departments and geographical spreads of the state through a process of decentralised complaint recording, prompt solutions and centralised monitoring at the highest level. This article offers a closer insight into the focus, working, effectiveness and limitations of the ambitious exercise to ameliorate citizens’ hardships.

  • Editorial
  • Book review: S. Levitsky & D. Ziblatt, How Democracies Die: What History Reveals About Our Future; D. Acemoglu & J.A. Robinson, Why Nations Fail: The Origins of Power, Prosperity and Poverty and D. Roy Chowdhury & J. Keane, To Kill a Democracy: India’s Passage to Despotism

    S. Levitsky & D. Ziblatt, How Democracies Die: What History Reveals About Our Future. New York: Penguin Random House UK, 2018, £ 9.99. D. Acemoglu & J.A. Robinson, Why Nations Fail: The Origins of Power, Prosperity and Poverty. London: Crown, 2013 (South Asian Edition), ₹699. D. Roy Chowdhury & J. Keane, To Kill a Democracy: India’s Passage to Despotism. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2021, £20.00; $25.95.

  • Biju Patnaik: A Perspective in Nation-Building
  • Interpreting Citizenship Amendment Act: Its Content and Context

    India is endowed with a proud history of inclusive government and religious tolerance. Indian citizenship has always been firmly rooted in the country’s constitution, which lays priority on equality, regardless of gender, caste, religion, class, community or language. Attaching citizenship rights to religious affiliation runs counter to the letter and spirit of India’s Constitution and constitutional morality. The major thrust of the present article is to project government’s stance on the Citizenship Amendment Act, 2019, constitutional provisions in relation to the Act, thematic arguments of critics and constitutional experts on the matter, multifarious challenges ahead in respect of its implementation, by establishing the fact that any measure taken must remain in conformity with international norms and values and necessity of amending the law to do away with the arbitrary selection of countries and religious groups so that the current agitation can be easily tranquilised.

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