Human Rights of the HIV-Infected Persons in India: Issues and Concerns

Published date01 December 2023
Author Rajagopal PK
Date01 December 2023
Subject MatterArticles
Human Rights of the
HIV-Infected Persons
in India: Issues and
Rajagopal PK1
Human rights are basic rights of human beings regardless of gender, religious
identity and nationality. Human beings and their rights are constitutionally and
legally protected. Though safeguards are there against human rights violations,
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infected people have to face several injus-
tices in our society. People living with HIV are usually subjected to discrimination
in the society even in the 21st century. Society’s attitude towards these people
is that of stigma and discrimination. They are provided with the right to privacy
according to the current human rights standards. However, the fact is that for
the prevention of further spread of HIV, disclosure of HIV-positive status is
imperative. Unless the society’s attitude towards HIV-infected persons changes,
an HIV/AIDS-free world cannot be dreamt of.
Civil society, human rights, HIV, privacy, transgender, NACO
HIV in India
HIV continues to be a major global public health issue that has taken the lives of
millions of people around the world. Human Immunodeciency Virus (HIV)
targets the immune system of human beings and weakens their immunity against
infections. When the virus destroys the function of immune cells, the infected
individuals gradually lose their immunity. It can be transmitted from different
sources such as HIV-infected mothers to child, by direct contact with HIV-infected
body uids such as blood, sperm and vaginal uids, etc. India has become the
Indian Journal of Public
69(4) 915–924, 2023
© 2023 IIPA
Article reuse guidelines:
DOI: 10.1177/00195561231166862
1 NSS Hindu College, Changanacherry, Kottayam, Kerala, India.
Corresponding author:
Rajagopal PK, NSS Hindu College, Changanacherry, Kottayam, Kerala 686102, India.

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