Transfer Petition (Crl.) No. 197/2012. Case: Apex Distributors Vs Timex Group India Ltd.. Supreme Court (India)

Case NumberTransfer Petition (Crl.) No. 197/2012
JudgesT.S. Thakur and C. Nagappan, JJ.
IssueNegotiable Instruments Act, 1881 - Section 138; Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC) - Section 406
Judgement DateAugust 05, 2014
CourtSupreme Court (India)


T.S. Thakur, J.

  1. In this petition Under Section 406 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, the Petitioners seek transfer of Criminal Complaint No. 3960 of 2008 Under Section 138 of the Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881 pending before the Metropolitan Magistrate, Patiala House Court at New Delhi to the Court competent to try the same at Pondicherry. The cheque in question appears to have been issued on Vyasya Bank Ltd., Vellore, Tamil Nadu. When presented for encashment the same was dishonoured, whereupon, the Respondent got notices issued to the Petitioners asking them to pay the cheque amount within the statutory period of fifteen days from the date of the receipt of the said notices. Failure of the Petitioners to make the payment led to the filing of criminal complaint No. 3960 of 2008 before the Metropolitan Magistrate at Patiala House, New Delhi in which the Court took cognizance and issued summons to the Petitioners. The complaint, it is noteworthy, justified the institution of the case in Delhi on the solitary ground that the statutory notices demanding payment of the cheque amount had been issued to the Petitioners from Delhi. In para 13 of the complaint, the complainant said:

    That the cause of action has arisen within the jurisdiction of this Hon'ble Court in as much as the notice of demand for the Cheque amount was issued to all the Accused from Delhi. Therefore, this Hon'ble Court has the jurisdiction to entertain, try and decide the present complaint.

  2. The Petitioners' case, in the present transfer petition, is that the cheque in question was not in discharge of any debt or liability but had been given to the Respondent-company by way of security. Dishonour of any such cheque was not, according to the Petitioners, an offence punishable Under Section 138 of the Act aforementioned. That apart, the Petitioners claim that the Courts in Delhi have no jurisdiction to entertain the complaint. Simply because the statutory notices were issued to the Petitioners from Delhi did not clothe the Courts in Delhi to take cognizance of the offence assuming that the same had been committed. Multiple ailments of Petitioner No. 2 are also urged as a ground for transfer of the proceedings from Delhi to Pondicherry.

  3. The only question that primarily arises for our consideration is whether the Courts in Delhi had the jurisdiction to entertain the complaint in the facts and circumstances of the case especially when issue of statutory notices...

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