Well Governed, Modernised, Environment-Friendly and Politically Intergrating Development of North-East Region (NER)

Publication Date01 July 2016
Date01 July 2016
DOI10.1177/0019556120160301
AuthorT.N. Dhar
SubjectArticle
WELL-GOVERNED, MODERNISED, ENVIRONMENT-
FRIENDLY AND POLITICALLY INTERGRATING
DEVELOPMENT OF NORTH-EAST REGION (NER)
T.N.DHAR
For decades, the North-East has been a blackhole
for
business
and enterprise. The sustained conflict, geographical isolation,
militarisation
and
migration have
led
to a drying up
of
investments, and the lack
of
economic and social development
in
the region. This is despite the richness
of
natural resources
in
the region, presenting a huge opportunity
for
investment, and
the growth
of
enterprise
in
the region. The government will have
to facilitate an ecosystem where business practices can occur
smoothly and without hassle. Despite several attempts by the
government
to
enhance local development, the current strategy
has led to a distribution-oriented, politically-led economic
process and not the efficiency-led process envisioned. This has
resulted in natural resources
and
savings moving away from
the region to other high productivity regions.
By
bringing all
the stakeholders together
and
evolving a comprehensive road
map
for
development, the North-East can become a new hub
for
social enterprise
in
the country.
INTRODUCTION
INDIA
IS
a country
of
continental dimensions with immense variety
in
terms
of
geography, religion, demography, languages spoken, ethnicity, cultures
and economic development. The region
of
the country known as North-East
(NE) displays such multiplicity in more diverse modes and has been rightly
termed as an 'ethnic cauldron' and a complex mosaic
of
ethnic and linguistic
groups. More than 166 tribes inhabit these ecologically diverse, hilly and
forested tracts. This frontier region is bordering countries like China,
Bangladesh, Myanmar and Bhutan. Table I gives the area and demographic
picture
of
this region (population figures are based on 2011 Census): It
would be clear from Table 1 that NE comprises about eight per cent
of
India's geographical area and sustains roughly about four per cent
of
its

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