A Study on Social Change of Tribal Women in Nabarangpur District of Odisha

AuthorPradeep Kumar Panda
Published date01 June 2021
Date01 June 2021
Subject MatterArticles
A Study on Social
Change of Tribal
Women in
District of Odisha
Pradeep Kumar Panda1
The tribal communities in Central India are excluded in many ways from accessing
and benefiting from the fruits of mainstream development. Within tribal groups,
women are more marginalised and sidelined than men despite their multiple
roles in the household. Women’s exclusion from the mainstream knowledge
systems, market sphere and their limited access and control over the resources
affects the overall development of tribal communities. Key for economic growth
of tribal communities is the equal participation and promotion of women’s physi-
cal and economic rights. This necessitates for a purposive design of activities
and institutional mechanisms for both socially inclusive economic empowerment
and environmentally sustainable growth by building their knowledge and skills
to restore agriculture based value chains for sustainable livelihood. The present
article is an attempt to analyse and document the findings of an inclusive cashew
livelihood model to address the geographical, social, technological and economic
inclusion of 10,000 tribal women in the cashew supply chain and downstream
market integration to improve their income in Nabarangpur district of Odisha
state. It is found that by employing inclusive strategies, scientific technologies
and participative approaches, the socially excluded women could be organised,
engaged and integrated successfully by leveraging proven cashew-based liveli-
hood model in the value chains and markets for increasing their income.
Social change, tribal women, women empowerment, cashew cultivation, value
chain, Odisha
Indian Journal of Public
67(2) 201–213, 2021
© 2021 IIPA
Reprints and permissions:
DOI: 10.1177/00195561211026622
1 Indian Institute of Public Administration, New Delhi, India.
Corresponding author:
Pradeep Kumar Panda, Consultant, Indian Institute of Public Administration, New Delhi 110002,
E-mail: pradeep25687@yahoo.co.in

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