Chakraborty and Krishna 65
Legal education has always been characterized to be both professional and intellectual education. As
a professional education, it equips law students to practice law, and as a liberal education, it instils
cultural virtues in students, resulting in law-abiding citizens.3 It also accomplishes the academic purpose
of engendering jurists and legal scholars.4 Legal education is an apparatus for social design, considering
the law as an instrument for constructing a socially egalitarian society.5 Education is a well-established
aspect of the right to life and personal liberty guaranteed by Article 21 of the Indian Constitution, which
should be perused vision of the Constitution’s directive principles.6 Consequently, Article 39A, which
guarantees equal justice and legal aid, is inextricably tied to legal education.7 When appraised from a
‘constitutional standpoint’, legal education garners even more pertinence as it is indispensable to the
The significance of legal education must be appreciated because of its decisive role in shaping and
envisioning the country’s legal system, and therefore in accomplishing the set goals of justice, liberty,
equality, and fraternity in a sovereign, socialist, secular, democratic republic. So, it can be recognized as
pivotal for a society based on the rule of law principles and serves the public interest.9 According to
Blackstone, legal education strives to disseminate country knowledge as a component of the needed
culture of a gentleman, nobleman, or commoner engaged in a learned profession.10 It is required to have
educated, law-abiding individuals instilled with a sense of human rights and ideals, a fundamental
precondition for social change.11 In addition to the issues related to life, technology, governance, and
accountability in complex family relations, business institutions, and the penal system, legal education
must propagate humane intellectual attributes to take client-centred methodologies.12
Legal education entails guring out how to explain ourselves in the absence of a legal system, as well as how
it operates and affects society. It pertains to professional knowledge that is always evolving concerning human
situations and is fueled by future visions.13
As a result, legal education should be undertaken at law schools on a scientic foundation, which will be
of tremendous use to the country, and positively impact the practice of law as an art. To be more precise,
it is an investment that, if undertaken intelligently, will undoubtedly provide the best yields for the nation
and expedite the rate of national growth.14
Given the immense significance of legal education, it is imperative to analyse the same historical
background as in Part II of this article. After that, the authors have delved into the impact of globalization
in legal education in Part III. Subsequently, the authors have laid down the Supreme Court’s deportment
regarding legal education in India, followed by identifying challenges in the legal education system in
3 M.P. jain, outlines of indian legal and constitutional history 691 (2010).
4 N.L. Rajah, Where are our legal philosophers? the hindu oPinion, 24 November 2016, available at https://www.thehindu.com/
opinion/op-ed/Where-are-our-legal-philosophers/article16689360.ece/ (last visited on 30 June 2021).
5 P.l. Mehta, & sushMa guPta, legal education and Profession in india (2000).
6 J.P. Unnikrishnan v. State of A.P, 1993 (1) SCC 645.
7 The Constitution of India, 1950, Art. 39A.
8 Law Commission of India, 184th Report on The Legal Education & Professional Training and Proposals for Amendments to the
Advocates Act, 1961 and the University Grants Commission Act, 1956 (2002).
9 Deepak Sibal v. Punjab University, AIR 1989 SC 903.
10 Dr Justice A.S. Anand, H.L. Sarin Memorial Lecture: Legal Education in India—Past, Present and Future, EBC (2018).
11 S. Sethiya, Legal Education: A Need for Streamlining, 1 AIR (Journal) 1 (2008).
12 s.K. agraWal, a rePort on legal education in india ProbleMs and ProsPective (1972).
13 Brendon F. Brown, Recent trends in United States Legal Education, 26(3) journal of legal education, 283–293 (1976).
P.C. Pillai, All India seminar on Legal Education, 14 journal of indian laW institute, 75 (1972).