Policies to Promote Research and Innovation in Developing Countries’ Universities: The Case of Thailand

Published date01 September 2019
Date01 September 2019
Subject MatterArticles
Policies to Promote
Research and Innovation
in Developing Countries’
Universities: The Case
of Thailand
Sarintip Tantanee1
Phisut Apichayakul1
Panu Buranajarukorn1
Liwa Pardthaisong2
Chanida Suwanprasit2
Arisara Charoenpanyanet2
Phaothai Sin-Ampol2
Research and Innovation (R&I) has played an important role in constructing new
knowledge in higher education institutions (HEIs) worldwide. There are both
enabler and barrier factors on R&I capabilities in HEIs; therefore, this paper aims
to investigate the importance, current contexts and gaps in R&I capacity building
of Thai HEIs and the possibilities for improvement. Thirteen policymakers from
HEI’s Authorities and Research Funding Agencies were interviewed in-depth. In
addition, an online survey has been conducted with 172 university academic staff,
who have been involved in R&I. The results show that the majority of respond-
ents agree that R&I is very important; however, these activities have not been
clearly supported by national policies. From the suggestions for improvement,
the whole R&I supporting system, from the national to the HEIs levels, should be
developed and improved through policy, skill acquisition and job opportunities,
research grants and enhancing national and international collaborations.
Indian Journal of Public
65(3) 718–732, 2019
© 2019 IIPA
Reprints and permissions:
DOI: 10.1177/0019556119840956
1 Naresuan University, Phitsanulok, Thailand.
2 Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Corresponding author:
Phisut Apichayakul, Faculty of Engineering, Naresuan University, Phitsanulok 65000, Thailand.
E-mail: phisuta@nu.ac.th

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