W.P. (Crl.) No. 80 of 2013. Case: Isaac Isanga Musumba and Ors. Vs State of Maharashtra and Ors.. Supreme Court (India)

Case NumberW.P. (Crl.) No. 80 of 2013
JudgesA.K. Patnaik and Ranjan Gogoi, JJ.
IssueIndian Penal Code (IPC) - Sections 120B, 383, 384, 441; Constitution of India - Articles 21, 32
Judgement DateJune 19, 2013
CourtSupreme Court (India)


  1. Heard learned Counsel for the parties. Petitioners are nationals of Uganda and have filed this writ petition Under Article 32 of the Constitution praying for quashing of KIR No. 88 of 2013 registered on 19th April, 2013 at MRA Marg Police Station, Mumbai in which they have been Accused for offences Under Sections 384, 441 and 120B, Indian Penal Code.

  2. We have read the FIR which has been annexed to the writ petition as Annexure P-7 and we find therefrom that the complainants have alleged that the Accused persons have shown copies of international warrants issued against the complainants by the Ugandan Court and letters written by Uganda Ministry of Justice & Constitutional Affairs and the Accused have threatened to extort 20 million dollars (equivalent to ` 110 crores). In the complaint, there is no mention whatsoever that pursuant to the demands made by the Accused, any amount was delivered to the Accused by the complainants. If that be so, we fail to see as to how an offence of extortion as defined in Section 383, Indian Penal Code is made out. Section 383, Indian Penal Code states that whoever intentionally puts any person in fear of any injury to that person, or to any other, and thereby dishonestly induces the person so put in fear to deliver to any person any property, or valuable security or anything signed or sealed which may be converted into a valuable security, commits 'extortion'. Hence, unless property is delivered to the Accused person pursuant to the threat, no offence of extortion is made out and an KIR for the offence Under Section 384 could not have been registered by the police.

  3. We also find on the reading of the KIR, there is also an allegation that on 18th April, 2013 between 1 p.m. And 5.30 p.m. The Accused persons illegally entered into the Head Office of the Company at Fort and demanded 20 million dollars (equivalent to ` 110 crores) saying that they have international arrest warrants against the complainants and upon failure to pay the said sum the complainants will have to face dire consequences. It is because of this allegation in the FIR, the offence Under Section 441, Indian Penal Code is alleged to have been committed by the Accused persons. On reading Section 441, Indian Penal Code we find that intent to commit an...

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