Innovations in Governance: Political Theory, Liberal State and Active Democracy

AuthorSudhanshu Tripathi
Published date01 September 2022
Date01 September 2022
Subject MatterArticles
Innovations in
Governance: Political
Theory, Liberal State
and Active Democracy
Sudhanshu Tripathi1,2
The article deals with evolution of political theory and state and efforts to acti-
vate democracy, especially in the Third World countries still operating in a
feudal/monarchic manner, as against liberal/progressive democracies in Anglo-
American-Scandinavian countries. This needs to re-energise existing institutions
of governance through much-needed innovations, leading to transformations in
the respective roles of state, market and civil society to ensure responsibility/
accountability, transparency and reduction in fiscal deficit in national economy.
While liberal/progressive agenda of continuing reforms for common welfare
must be dynamically pursued to accomplish timely innovations in governance,
minimising exclusive production, putting huge burden on economy and reduc-
ing per-capita share, may help-reinvent an active democracy, thereby further
expanding freedom of choice and opportunities to all in the era of digitalisation
preceded by liberalisation and globalisation.
Innovations, governance, political theory, liberal–modern state, democracy,
globalisation, liberalisation, digitalisation
The immortal words of George Orwell sound well today: ‘Ours is an age of democ-
racy’. Although spoken decades earlier, yet very much relevant today. Political
theory in all its comprehensiveness has been engaged in finding solutions to
Indian Journal of Public
68(3) 473–485, 2022
© 2022 IIPA
Reprints and permissions:
DOI: 10.1177/00195561221090789
1 UPRTOU, Prayagraj, Uttar Pradesh, India.
2 Political Science Department, M.D.P.G. College, Pratapgarh, Uttar Pradesh, India.
Corresponding author:
Sudhanshu Tripathi, Associate Professor, Political Science Department, M.D.P.G. College, Pratapgarh,
Uttar Pradesh 230001, India.

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