Implementation of Mental Health Care Act, 2017: Issues and Way Forward

AuthorPawan Kumar Taneja,Ishita Kukreti,Ashutosh Vashist
Published date01 June 2022
Date01 June 2022
Subject MatterArticles
Implementation of
Mental Health Care
Act, 2017: Issues
and Way Forward
Ashutosh Vashist1, Ishita Kukreti2 and
Pawan Kumar Taneja3
The Government of India preferred legislative lever of public policy over eco-
nomic incentives, funding support, public awareness campaigns levers by enacting
the Mental Health Care Act (MHCA) in the year 2017. MHCA 2017 mandates
for mental healthcare and services for persons with mental illness and to protect,
promote and fulfil the rights of such persons during delivery of mental healthcare
and services. MHCA 2017 is supposed to bring socio-cultural and structural
changes to mental health issues in India. This article seeks to identify the various
issues and challenges in the implementation of the Act at the macro level, specifi-
cally in the areas of prevention of mental morbidities, treatment gaps, reintegra-
tion and rehabilitation of the patient. It also suggests the way forward to remove
the identified barriers.
Mental health, National Mental Health Programme, health policy, Mental Health
Care Act
Nearly one million individuals die due to suicide every year, and it is the third
leading reason for death among youngsters (United Nations, 2016). According to
an estimate of the World Bank, the global economy loses about $1 trillion every
year in productivity due to depression and anxiety. Mental, neurological and sub-
stance-use disorders are estimated to add to economic output losses of $2.5–$8.5
Indian Journal of Public
68(2) 257–270, 2022
© 2022 IIPA
Reprints and permissions:
DOI: 10.1177/00195561221080674
1 BITS Pilani, Goa Campus, Goa, India.
2 BITS Pilani, Hyderabad Campus, Telangana, India.
3 Indian Institute of Public Administration, New Delhi, India.
Corresponding author:
Pawan Kumar Taneja, Indian Institute of Public Administration, Indraprastha Estate, Ring Road,
Mahatma Gandhi Marg, New Delhi, Delhi 110002, India.

To continue reading

Request your trial

VLEX uses login cookies to provide you with a better browsing experience. If you click on 'Accept' or continue browsing this site we consider that you accept our cookie policy. ACCEPT