Immigrants Issue in Governance of North-East India: A Fait Accompli and Humanitarian Compulsions

Publication Date01 July 2016
Date01 July 2016
AuthorSuprita Suman,Arun Kumar Singh
DOI10.1177/0019556120160317
SubjectArticle
IMMIGRANTS ISSUE IN GOVERNANCE
OF
NORTH-EAST INDIA: A FAIT ACCOMPLI
AND
HUMANITARIAN COMPULSIONS
ARUN
KUMAR
SINGH
AND SUPRITA SUMAN
The geographical boundaries
of
the North-Eastern
part
of
India made
it
vulnerable target
for
the cross-border illegal
immigrants. These immigrants are a severe threat upon the
livelihood, environment,
and
security
of
the people living
in
these states.
But
there is another part
of
the picture which has
been ignored
and
requires a sensitive
and
justified analysis.
The country, surrounded by the India
s
North-Eastern front
is
Bangladesh, which
is
densely populated
and
suffering from
poverty, unemployment,
and
illiteracy. The
immigrant.s.
from
Bangiadesh are unskilled
and
majority
of
them are very poor
and
Jobless persons who are scrapping
for
livelihood. These
immigrants have tendency to increase their population owing to
their religious beliefs
and
raising their numerical strength. Due
to these problems, immigration
and
immigrants have always
remained as "illegal immigration"
and
"illegal immigrants"
in
Indian context. The present article examines the possibilities
whether this 'illegal'
word
can be
made
'legal' through
regulatory mechanism
in
Indian context. These regulations can
check their involvement in the legal works, their day-to-day
economic
and
political activities
and
the hurdles which the
Indian economy
and
polity meet to be more adaptable to these
illegal burden
of
immigrants.
INTRODUCTION
BOUNDED BY five countries (Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, Myanmar, and
Nepal), the North-East region
of
India comprises eight states (Arunachal
Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim and
Tripura). The region
is
landlocked, surrounded by foreign
countries-
Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, Myanmar, and
Tibet-with
99.5 per cent
of
International border and only 0.5 per cent
of
border with the country. The

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