Environmental Crimes: Effect of COVID-19 on Non-human Victims

AuthorYashprada Joglekar
Published date01 April 2021
Date01 April 2021
Subject MatterOrginal Articles
Environmental Crimes:
Effect of COVID-19 on
Non-human Victims
Yashprada Joglekar1
The article aims at finding out the impact of COVID-19 on forest and wildlife
crimes, as the novel coronavirus or COVID-19 stalled our daily activities in the
most unexpected manner. Studies have shown that the origin of any influenza virus
is typically from animals.2 Thus, a direct nexus can be established between wildlife
trade (primarily which is illegal) and the spread of coronavirus. United Nations
Environmental Programme of 2016 identified issues of upcoming zoonotic dis-
eases while discussing their emergence and re-emergence and its link with the
ecosystem. In this article, an attempt is made to understand the framework and
stance of International Criminal Court in regard to the environmental crimes.
Further this article mentions the role International Criminal Court can play if the
office of prosecutor were to try and prosecute the cases of environmental crimes.
Further, Sustainable Development Goals 13, 14 and 153 play an important role
in this secondary study. Since these goals have presented us with the opportunity
to interlink goals with one another and thus discuss the need of protecting and
conserving non-human victims of environmental harms along with human victims.
Study of reports from international and national organizations, law journals, case
laws, news reports, books, commentaries, etc., are used and finally the conclusive
remark is based on the interpretation of this primary data. This article solely pro-
poses to analyse and identify the challenges faced by non-human victims mainly
forest and wildlife during the course of pandemic outbreak.
Original Article
Journal of Victimology
and Victim Justice
4(1) 33–40, 2021
2021 Rajiv Gandhi National
University of Law
Reprints and permissions:
DOI: 10.1177/25166069211031140
1 Advocate.
2 World Health Organization, Emergency Preparedness Response, https://www.who.int/csr/disease/
swineflu/frequently_asked_questions/pandemic/en/ (last visited Feb. 24, 2010).
3 Sustainable Development Goals, United Nations archives, Climate Action, Life Below Water and Life
on Land Respectively, https://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/biodiversity/
Corresponding author:
Yashprada Joglekar, Advocate, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India.
E-mail: yashprada.10@gmail.com

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