Direct Taxes Code Bill, 2010

 
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House and Date of Introduction:- Lok Sabha on 30.08.2010

[Bill No. 110 of 2010]

A

BILL

PREAMBLE

to consolidate and amend the law relating to direct taxes.

Be it enacted by Parliament in the Sixty-first Year of the Republic of India as follows:--

CHAPTER I

Preliminary

1 . Short title, extent and commencement.--

(1) This Act may be called the Direct Taxes Code, 2010.

(2) It extends to the whole of India.

(3) Save as otherwise provided in this Code, it shall come into force on the 1st day of April, 2012.

PART A

Income-tax

CHAPTER II

Basis of charge

2 . Liability to pay, and charge of, income-tax.--

(1) In accordance with the provisions of this Code, every person shall be liable to pay income-tax in respect of his total income of the financial year.

(2) Subject to the provisions of this Code, income-tax, including additional income-tax, shall be charged in respect of the total income of a financial year of every person.

(3) Where the income-tax referred to in sub-section (2) is to be charged in respect of the income of a period other than the financial year, the income-tax for such period shall be charged accordingly.

(4) The income-tax referred to in sub-section (2) shall be charged at the rate specified in the First Schedule in the manner provided therein.

(5) In respect of the income chargeable under sub-section (2), income tax shall be deducted or collected at source or paid in advance, in accordance with the provisions of this Code.

(6) The chargeability of income-tax on the income of a financial year under the foregoing provisions shall be determined in accordance with the provisions of this Code as they stand on the 1st day of April of that financial year.

3 . Scope of total income.--

(1) Subject to the provisions of this Code, the total income of any financial year of a person, who is a resident, shall include all income from whatever source derived which--

(a) accrues, or is deemed to accrue, to him in India during the year;

(b) accrues to him outside India during the year;

(c) is received, or is deemed to be received, by him, or on his behalf, in India during the year; or

(d) is received by him, or on his behalf, outside India during the year.

(2) Subject to the provisions of this Code, the total income of any financial year of a person, who is a non-resident, shall include all income from whatever source derived which--

(a) accrues, or is deemed to accrue, to him in India during the year; or

(b) is received, or is deemed to be received, by him, or on his behalf, in India during the year.

(3) Any income which accrues to a resident outside India during the year, or is received outside India during the year by, or on behalf of, such resident, shall be included in the total income of the resident, whether or not such income has been charged to tax outside India.

4 . Residence in India.--

(1) An individual shall be resident in India in any financial year, if he is in India--

(a) for a period, or periods, amounting in all to one hundred and eighty-two days or more in that year; or

(b) for a period, or periods, amounting in all to--

(i) sixty days or more in that year; and

(ii) three hundred and sixty-five days or more within the four years immediately preceding that year.

(2) The provisions of clause (b) of sub-section (1) shall not apply in respect of an individual who is--

(a) a citizen of India and who leaves India in that year as a member of the crew of an Indian ship; or

(b) a citizen of India and who leaves India in that year for the purposes of employment outside India.

(3) A company shall be resident in India in any financial year, if--

(a) it is an Indian company; or

(b) its place of effective management, at any time in the year, is in India.

(4) Every other person shall be resident in India in any financial year, if the place of control and management of its affairs, at any time in the year, is situated wholly, or partly, in India.

5 . Income deemed to accrue in India--

(1) The income shall be deemed to accrue in India, if it accrues, whether directly or indirectly, through or from:

(a) any business connection in India;

(b) any property in India;

(c) any asset or source of income in India; or

(d) the transfer of a capital asset situated in India.

(2) Without prejudice to the generality of the provisions of sub-section (1), the following income shall be deemed to accrue in India, namely:--

(a) income from employment, if it is for--

(i) service rendered in India;

(ii) service rendered outside India by a citizen of India and the income is receivable from the Government; or

(iii) the rest period, or leave period, which precedes, or succeeds, the period of service rendered in India and forms part of the service contract of employment;

(b) any dividend paid by a domestic company outside India;

(c) any insurance premium including re-insurance premium accrued from or payable by any resident or non-resident in respect of insurance covering any risk in India;

(d) interest accrued from or payable by any resident or the Government;

(e) interest accrued from or payable by any non-resident, if the interest is in respect of any debt incurred and used for the purposes of--

(i) a business carried on by the non-resident in India; or

(ii) earning any income from any source in India;

(f) royalty accrued from or payable by any resident or the Government;

(g) royalty accrued from or payable by a non-resident, if the royalty is for the purposes of--

(i) a business carried on by the non-resident in India; or

(ii) earning any income from any source in India;

(h) fees for technical services accrued from or payable by any resident or the Government;

(i) fees for technical services accrued from or payable by any non-resident, in respect of services utilised for the purposes of--

(i) a business carried on by the non-resident in India; or

(ii) earning any income from any source in India;

(j) transportation charges accrued from or payable by any resident or the Government;

(k) transportation charges accrued from or payable by any non-resident, if the transportation charges are in respect of the carriage to, or from, a place in India.

(3) For the purposes of clause (a) of sub-section (1), in the case of a business of which all the operations are not carried out in India, the income of the business deemed to accrue in India shall be only such part of the income as is reasonably attributable to the operations carried out in India.

(4) The income deemed to accrue in India under sub-section (1) shall, in the case of a non-resident, not include the following, namely:--

(a) any income accruing through, or from, operations which are confined to the purchase of goods in India for the purposes of export out of India;

(b) interest accrued from or payable by a resident, in respect of any debt incurred and used for the purposes of--

(i) a business carried on by the resident outside India; or

(ii) earning any income from any source outside India;

(c) royalty accrued from or payable by a resident for the purposes of--

(i) a business carried on by the resident outside India; or

(ii) earning any income from any source outside India;

(d) royalty consisting of lump sum consideration accrued from or payment made by a resident for the transfer of any rights (including the granting of a licence) in respect of computer software supplied by the non-resident manufacturer, along with a computer or computer-based equipment, under any scheme approved under the Policy on Computer Software Export, Software Development and Training, 1986 issued by the Government of India;

(e) fees for technical services accrued from or payable by a resident, in respect of services utilised for the purposes of--

(i) a business carried on by the resident outside India; or

(ii) earning any income from any source outside India;

(f) transportation charges for the carriage by aircraft or ship accrued from or payable by any resident, if the transportation charges are in respect of the carriage from a place outside India to another place outside India, except where the airport or port of origin of departure of such carriage is in India;

(g) income from transfer, outside India, of any share or interest in a foreign company unless at any time in twelve months preceeding the transfer, the fair market value of the assets in India, owned, directly or indirectly, by the company, represent at least fifty per cent. of the fair market value of all assets owned by the company;

(h) interest accrued from or payable by a non-resident as referred to in sub-clause (ii) of clause (e) of sub-section (2), if such interest has not been claimed by the non-resident as a deduction from his tax bases chargeable in India.

(5) The provisions of clauses (c) to (k) of sub-section (2) shall be applicable, whether or not,--

(a) the payment is made in India;

(b) the services are rendered in India;

(c) the non-resident has a residence or place of business or any business connection in India; or

(d) the income has accrued in India.

(6) Where the income of a non-resident, in respect of transfer, outside India, of any share or interest in a foreign company, is deemed to accure in India under clause (d) of sub-section (1), it shall be computed in accordance with the following formula--

A x B/C     
Where A   =  Income from the transfer computed in accordance with provisions of this Code as if the transfer was effected in India; 
B   =  fair market value of the assets in India, owned, directly or indirectly, by the company; 
C  =  fair market value of all assets owned by the company. 

6 . Income deemed to be received in the financial year--

The following income shall be deemed to be received in the financial year, namely:--

(a) any contribution made by an...

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