Cyber-laundering: An Emerging Challenge for Law Enforcement

Published date01 April 2022
Date01 April 2022
Subject MatterOriginal Articles
An Emerging Challenge
for Law Enforcement
Rakesh Kumar Handa1 and Rizwan Ansari1
Money laundering is an intense danger, which the world is confronting and pre-
sent-day technologies are making it harder for law implementation to get the
launderers. The emerging concept of cyber-laundering involving the use of the
Internet is a flawless apparatus for launderers, which is amazingly quick, and a
worldwide tool. Because of its decentralized design, the web has progressively
turned into the component of choice of launderers to channel assets starting
with one area and then onto the next without leaving signs. The washing of
assets over the web, smartphones and mobile phones is made especially simple
by the peer-to-peer exchanges, that is, money is straightforwardly moved start-
ing with one individual and then onto the next across the world, lacking the
contact of third party, like a monetary institution, in this way keeping away from
monetary oversight and expected location. The maltreatment of the Internet
by money launderers is conceivably highly dangerous. The principal objective
of this article is to respond to the inquiry, for instance, how the Internet could
be mishandled by launderers? In addition, the authors, in this article, have ana-
lysed national and international undertakings to fight money laundering as well as
cyber-laundering and have attempted to shed light on understanding the answers
on how to control it.
Cyber-laundering, cryptocurrency, money laundering, cybercrime, digital
payments, victims, cyber victims, criminal justice system, law enforcement
Original Article
Journal of Victimology
and Victim Justice
5(1) 80–99, 2022
2022 Rajiv Gandhi National
University of Law
Reprints and permissions:
DOI: 10.1177/25166069221115901
1 University School of Law and Legal Studies, Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University, New Delhi,
Delhi, India.
Corresponding author:
Rakesh Kumar Handa, University School of Law and Legal Studies, Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha
University, New Delhi, Delhi 110078, India.
Handa and Ansari 81
Today is the time of information and innovation. There are many technological
improvements in recent years. The advancement of information technology (IT)
brings forth the Internet wherein the World Wide Web gives individuals access to
data and information. The speed with which the web has developed has opened
new doors in each field. The Internet has made our lives easier.2 The web is widely
being used by individuals at their home, at workplaces and at educational insti-
tutes. Each new establishment has two sides to itself—negative and positive. Any
technological enhancement has favourable uses; at the same time, it can be mis-
used. Inventers of the web did not think about the negative aspects of the web. The
criminal mindset of human beings led to the web being misused, and the Internet
can be used as a negative tool. This has given birth to digital malpractices and the
world is facing a massive challenge because of such digital criminals.
The evolving criminal mentality relies on the social advancement of the
individuals across the world. There is no comprehensive definition for cyber
wrongdoing. To comprehend this, we need to understand what computer
wrongdoing is and how this has led to cyber wrongdoing. Cyber wrongdoing is
the wrongdoing, which occurs in the realm of the web. In cyber wrongdoing, a
personal computer (PC) is used as an instrument and as a target. As regards the
significance and meaning of cybercrime, it has not been legally described in any
statute. Even the IT Act of 2000 does not define cybercrime. Nevertheless, it may
precisely be defined as the kind of wrongdoing wherein a PC is either an object or
a subject used in coordinating the wrongdoing or it may be both.3
Cybercrime from a Cyber Laundering Perspective
In spite of being a medium to swap data continuously and with scale, the web is
being abused in different ways. Launderers are continuously searching for better
approaches to maintain a distance from law enforcement, and the web has opened
a huge window of opportunity for them. Cyber-laundering might be expressed as
posterity of two particular and native types of culpability—cash laundering and
cybercrime. To understand cyber-laundering, it is additionally significant to
understand the idea of digital wrongdoing. In order to find core of cyber washing
to cybercrime need to put the idea of cyber washing in its suitable casing.4
Cyber wrongdoing refers to every activity performed with the intention of
committing a crime using the web. These could be either offensive in the ordinary
sense or activities created with the advancement of new means. Any program, which
2 Sandeep Kumar Sharma, An Overview of Cyber Crimes Vs. Cyber Law—Indian and International
Perspective, 1 VITSTA L. J. 23 (2017).
3  7 (Central law
Agency, 1st ed. 2010).
4   The Legal Regime for Anti-Cyberlaundering. available at
handle/11394/4373 (accessed on 19 May 2020).

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