Book Reviews

Published date01 July 2016
DOI10.1177/0019556120160329
Date01 July 2016
698
I
INDIAN
JOURNAL
OF
PUBLIC
ADMINISTRATION
VOL.
LXJJ,
NO.
3,
JULY-SEPTEMBER
2016
chapters, this chapter deals with another social issue, that
of
migration and
its relation with conflict and governance. Not surprisingly, this chapter
too bases its study
on
one
of
the most violent and conflict-prone states
of
India, namely Bihar. In the context
of
perennial floods and consequential
migration in this region, this paper discusses conflicts and governmental
strategies to cope with them.
As the chapters in the book show, while the Indian state is conscious
of
its last-resort status and with enormous force deals with violent and
ideological unrests, acute class as well as a range
of
border conflicts, it also
uses developmental and decentralisation strategies to respond to conflicts as
in
the North-East. This range
of
strategies is not designed to enable the Indian
nation-state to present itself as an exemplar but to maintain its legitimacy
as
a national state, its capacity to develop, and its democracy. In many
ways, the North-East
of
India may be considered a post-conflict society.
Yet, as the book demonstrates, the peace that is said to have returned to the
region-particularly
in such hitherto insurgency-torn states as Nagaland,
Tripura, M izoram, and
Assam-is
hardly accompanied by any resolution
of
the conflicts underlying those insurgencies. Peace achieved mainly through
pacification (that is to say, without any resolution
of
conflicts) is constantly
haunted by the spectre
of
war.
-D1PANKAR
GuHA
Subir
Bhaumik
(Ed.) The Agartala Doctrine: A Proactive Northeast
in Indian Foreign Policy. New Delhi:
Oxford
University Press, 2016,
XVI, 344 Pages, ISBN-13:978-0-19-946380-0.
'Doctrine'
and/or
'Military
doctrine'
has
been
defined
as
an
institution!ised beliefs about what works in war and military operations
(H0iback, 2013: I). The 'doctrinal trinity1 advocated by H0iback, consists
of
three basic elements such as rationality (theory), authority (sub-ordination)
and a-rationality (culture). Based on these three elements, there could be
three ideal types
of
doctrine-i.e. doctrine, as a tool
of
education, doctrine
as
a tool
of
command, and doctrine, as a tool
of
change. As a tool
of
cQmmand, a doctrine tells authoritatively what to do, as a tool
of
change it
tells authoritatively what to be, and
as
a tool
of
education it tells what we
do and who we are, for the time being
(H0iback,
2011 :888). Doctrine is
strongly related to strategy and tactics. This conceptual frame
of
'doctrine'
and/or 'military doctrine' as developed by
H0iback
may be a reference
point while reviewing the book The Agartala Doctrine in a systematic way.
The essay on
'The
Agartala Doctrine' by Subir Bhaumik, a veteran
journalist, former BBC Correspondent and author from North-East India,
focuses on proactive but positive engagement with neighbours, which

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