The Motor Vehicles Act, 1939
The Motor Vehicles Act, 1939
THE MOTOR VEHICLES ACT, 1939 ACT NO. 4 OF 1939 1*[16th February, 1939.]An Act to consolidate and amend the law relating to motor vehicles.WHEREAS it is expedient to consolidate and amend the law relating to motor vehicles 2* * *; It is hereby enacted as follows:-CHAPPRELIMINARYCHAPTER IPRELIMINARY1.Short title, extent and commencement.1.Short title, extent and commencement. (1) This Act may be called the Motor Vehicles Act, 1939.3[(2) It extends to the whole of India 4* * * :Provided that Chapter VIII shall take effect in the State of Kerala only from such date as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint ; and until that Chapter so takes effect in that State, Chapter VII of the Travancore-Cochin Motor Vehicles Act, 1125, shall have effect in that State as if enacted in this Act.]2.Definitions.2.Definitions. In this Act, unless there is anything repugnant in the subject or context,-5[(1) " area", in relation to any provision of this Act, means such area as the State Government may, having regard[See footnote 1 for this section]3 Subs. by Act 5 of 1960, s. 2, for sub-sections (2) and (3)(w.e.f. 15-7-1960).4 The words "except the State of Jammu and Kashmir" omitted by Act 25 1968, s. 2 and Sch. (w.e.f. '15-8-1968).5 Cls. (1) and (1A) ins. by Act 56 of 1969, s. 2 (w.e.f. 2-3-1970).Amended in Pondicherry by Pondi. Act 16 of 1966 Amended in Mysore by Mysore Act 2 of 1967.Amended in Mysore by Mysore Act 9 of 1968.Amended in Madras by Madras Act 18 of 1968.Amended in Kerala by Kerala Act 16 of 1968.Amended in Kerala by Kerala Act 24 of 1969 Amended in Tamil Nadu by T.N. Act 18 of 1968.Amended in Rajasthan by Raj. Act 3 of 1969.Amended in Haryana by Haryana Act 15 of 1970.Amended in Kerala by Kerala Act 34 of 1971.Amended in Kerala by Kerala Act 35 of 1971.Amended in Kerala by Kerala Act 36 of 1971 Amended in Maharashtra by Mah. Act 10 of 1972.Amended in Meghalaya by Megh. Act 2 of 1974.Amended in Madhya Pradesh by M.P. Act 17 of 1973.Amended in Tamil Nadu by T.N. Act 48 of 1974.Amended in Maharashtra by Mah. Act 19 of 1975.Amended in Uttar Pradesh by U.P. Act 15 of 1976.Amended in Tripura by Tripura Act 10 of 1973.Amended in West Bengal by W.B. Act 15 of 1976.Amended in West Bengal by W.B. Act 33 of 1977.Amended in Kerala by Kerala Act 7 of 1977.Amended in Haryana by Haryana Act 15 of 1977.Amended in Punjab by Punjab Act 34 of 1978.Amended in Uttar Pradesh by U.P. Act 32 of 1978.Amended in West Bengal by W.B. Act 26 of 1978.[See footnote 2 for this section](5) "driver" includes, where a separate person acts as steersman of a motor vehicle, that person as well as any other person engaged in the driving of the vehicle ;1[(5A) " driving licence " means the document issued by a competent authority under Chapter II authorising the person specified therein to drive a motor vehicle or a motor vehicle of any specified class or description;](6) "fares" includes sums payable for a season ticket or in respect of the hire of a contract carriage ;(7) " goods " includes live-stock, and anything (other than equipment ordinarily used with the vehicle) carried by a vehicle except living persons, but does not include luggage or personal effects carried in a motor car or in a trailer attached to a motor car or the personal luggage of passengers travelling in the vehicle;(8) "goods vehicle " means any motor vehicle constructed or adapted for use for the carriage of goods, or any motor vehicle not so constructed or adapted when used for the carriage of goods solely or in addition to passengers 8[(9) "heavy goods vehicle" means any goods vehicle the registered laden weight of which, or a tractor the unladen weight of-which, exceeds 11,000 kilograms;(9A) "heavy passenger motor vehicle" means any public service vehicle or omnibus the registered laden weight of either of which, or a motor car the unladen weight of which, exceeds 11,000 kilograms,](10) invalid carriage" means a motor vehicle the unladen weight of which does not exceed 6[300 kilograms], specially designed and constructed, and not merely adapted, for the use of a person suffering from some physical defect or disability, and used solely by or for such a person;7* * * * * *[See footnote 3 for this section](12) "licensing authority" means an authority empowered to grant licences, appointed by the State Government by rule made under section 21 1[or section 21J];2[(13) "light motor vehicle" means a transport vehicle or omnibus the registered laden weight of which, or a motor car or tractor the unladen weight of which, does not exceed 3[4[4,000] kilograms];9[(14) "medium goods vehicle" means any goods vehicle, other than a light motor vehicle, heavy goods vehicle or road-roller;(14A) "medium passenger motor vehicle" means any public service vehicle, other than a motor cycle, invalid carriage...
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