The Mines Act, 1952

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The Mines Act, 1952

THE MINES ACT, 1952 ACT NO. 35 OF 1952 1*

[15th March, 1952.]

An Act to amend and consolidate the law relating to the regulation of labour and safety in mines.

BE it enacted by Parliament as follows:-





1 Short title, extend and commencement.

1.(1)Short title, extend and commencement. This Act may be called the Mines Act, 1952.

(2) It extends to the whole of India 2 * * * -

(3) It shall come into force on such date3 or dates as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint, and different dates may be appointed for different provisions of this Act and for different States but not later than 3lst December, 1953.

2 Definitions.

2. 4 [1] Definitions. In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,-

(b) "adult" means a person who has completed his eighteenth year;

(c) "agent", when used in relation to a mine, means every person, whether appointed as such or not, who, acting or purporting to act on behalf of the owner, takes part in the management, control, supervision or direction of the mine or of any part thereof )

(d) Chief Inspector means the Chief Inspector of Mines appointed under this Act.

(e) "Committee" means a committee constituted under section 12;

[See footnote 1 for this section]

(f) "day" means a period of twenty-four hours beginning at midnight ;

(g) "district magistrate" means, in a presidency-town, the person appointed by the Central Government to perform the duties of a district magistrate under this Act in that town;

2(h)a person is said to be "employed" in a mine who works as the manager or who works under appointment by the owner;

agent or manager of the mine or with the knowledge of the manager, whether for wages or not-

(i) in any mining operation (including the concomitant operations of handling and transport of minerals up to the point of dispatch and of gathering sand and transport thereof to the mine);

(ii) in operations or services relating to the development of the mine including construction of plant therein but excluding construction of buildings, roads, wells: and any building work not directly connected with any existing or future mining operations;

(iii) in operating, servicing, maintaining or repairing any part of any machinery used in or about the mine;

(iv) in operations, within the premises of the mine, of loading for dispatch -of minerals;

(v) in any office of the mine;

(vi) in any welfare, health, sanitary or conservancy, services required to be provided under this Act, or watch and ward, within the premises of the mine excluding residential area; or (vii) in any kind of work whatsoever which is preparatory or incidental to or connected with mining operations;

(i) "Inspector" means an Inspector of Mines appointed under this Act, and includes a district magistrate when exercising any power or performing any duty of an Inspector which he is empowered by this Act to exercise or perform;

3[(j) "mine" means excavation where any operation for, the purpose of searching for or obtaining minerals has been or is being carried on and includes-

(i) all borings, bore holes, oil wells and accessory crude conditioning plants, including the pipe conveying mineral oil within the oilfields;

(ii) all shafts, in or adjacent to and belonging to a mine, whether in the course of being sunk or not;

(iii) all levels and inclined planes in the course of being driven;

(iv) all open cast workings;

(v) all conveyors or aerial ropeways provided for the bringing into or removal from a mine of minerals or other articles or for the removal of refuse therefrom;

(vi) all edits, levels, planes, machinery, works, railways, tramways and sidings in or adjacent to and belonging to a mine;

(vii) all protective works being carried out in or adjacent to a mine;

(viii) all workshops and stores situated within the precincts of a mine and under the same management and used primarily for the purposes connected with that mine or a number of mines under the same management;

(ix) all power stations, transformer sub-stations, con-

vertor stations, rectifier stations and accumulator storage stations for supplying electricity solely or mainly for the purpose of working the mine or a number of mines under the same management;

(x) any premises for the time being used for depositing sand or other material for use in a mine or for depositing refuse from a mine or in which any operations in connection with such sand, refuse or other material is being carried on, being premises exclusively occupied by the owner of the mine;

(xi) any premises in or adjacent to and belonging to a mine on which any process ancillary to the getting, dressing or preparation for sale of minerals or of coke is being carried on;]

[See footnote 2 for this section]

(jj)"minerals" means all substances which can be obtained from the earth by mining, digging, drilling, dredging, hydraulicing, quarrying or by any other' oper...

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