The Indian Limitation Act, 1908

 
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THE INDIAN PORTS ACT, 1908 ACT NO. 15 OF 1908 1*

[18th December, 1908.]

An Act to consolidate the enactments relating to Ports and Port-

charges.

CHAP

PRELIMINARY

CHAPTER I

PRELIMINARY

1.

Title and extent.

1. Title and extent. (1) This Act may be called the Indian Ports Act, 1908.

(2) It shall extend, save as otherwise appears from its subject or context,--

(a) to the ports mentioned in the First Schedule, and to such parts of the navigable rivers and channels leading to such ports respectively as have been declared to be subject to Act XXII of 1855 (for the regulation of Ports and Port-dues) or to the Indian Ports Act, 1875, (12 of 1875.) or to the Indian Ports Act, 1889; (10 of 1889.)

(b) to the other ports or parts of navigable rivers or channels to which the 2*[Government], in exercise of the power hereinafter conferred, extends this Act.

(3) But nothing in section 31 or section 32 shall apply to any port, river or channel to which the section has not been specially extended by the 2*[Government].

2.

Savings.

2. Savings. Nothing in this Act shall--

(i) apply to any vessel belonging to, or in the service of 3*[the Central Government or a State Government] 4*, or to any vessel of war belonging to any Foreign Prince or State, or Amended in Andhra Pradesh by A. P. Act 18 of 1968.

Amended in Pondicherry by Pondy. Act 10 of 1969.

Amended in Tamil Nadu by T. N. Act 19 of 1975.

Extended to Goa, Daman and Diu with modifications, by Reg. 12 of 1962, s. 3 and Sch.

The Act comes into force in Pondicherry on 1.10.1963 vide Reg. 7 of 1963, s. 3 and Sch. I.

[See footnote 1 for this section]

(ii) deprive any person of any right of property or other private right, except as hereinafter expressly provided, or (iii) affect any law or rule relating to the customs or any order or direction lawfully made or given pursuant thereto.

3.

Definitions.

3. Definitions. In this Act, unless there is anything repugnant in the subject or context,--

(1) "Magistrate" means a person exercising powers under the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898, (5 of 1898.) not less than those of a Magistrate of the second class, and includes, in the towns of Calcutta, Madras and Bombay, a Presidency Magistrate:

(2) "master", when used in relation to any vessel 1*[or any aircraft making use of any port], means, subject to the provisions of any other enactment for the time being in force, any person (except a pilot or harbour-master 1*[of the port]) having for the time being the charge or control of the vessel 1*[or the aircraft, as the case may be]:

(3) "pilot" means a person for the time being authorized by the 2*[Government] to pilot vessels:

(4) "port" includes also any part of a river or channel in which this Act is for the time being in force:

(5) "port-officer" is synonymous with master-attendant:

(6) "ton" means a ton as determined or determinable by the rules made under section 74 of the Merchant Shipping Act, 1958, for regulating the measurement of the gross tonnage of ships:]

(7) "vessel" includes anything made for the conveyance 1*[mainly] by water of human beings or of property:

3*[(8) "major port" means any port which the Central Government may by notification in the Official Gazette declare, or may under any law for the time being in force have declared, to be a major port: [and] 4*

[See footnote 2 for this section]

(9) "Government", as respects major ports, for all purposes, and, as respects other ports, for the purposes of making rules under clause (p) of section 6 (1) and of the appointment and control of port health-officers under section 17, means the Central Government, and save as aforesaid, means the State Government.]

1* * * * *

CHAP

POWERS OF THE GOVERNMENT

CHAPTER II

POWERS OF THE 2*[GOVERNMENT]

4.

Power to extend or withdraw the Act or certain portions thereof.

4. Power to extend or withdraw the Act or certain portions thereof. (1) 3* The 2*[Government] may, by notification in the Official Gazette,--

(a) extend this Act to any port in which this Act is not in force or to any part of any navigable river or channel which leads to a port and in which this Act is not in force;

(b) specially extend the provisions of section 31 or section 32 to any port to which they have not been so extended;

(c) withdraw this Act or section 31 or section 32 from any port or any part thereof in which it is for the time being in force.

(2) A notification under clause (a) or clause (b) of sub-section (1) shall define the limits of the area to which it refers.

(3) Limits defined under sub-section (2) may include any piers, jetties, landing-places, wharves, quays, docks and other works made on behalf of the public for convenience of traffic, for safety of vessels, or for the improvement, maintenance or good government of the port and its approaches, whether within or without high-water mark, and, subject to any rights of private property therein, any portion of the shore or bank within fifty yards of high-water-mark.

(4) In sub-section (3) the expression "high-water-mark" means the highest point reached by ordinary spring tides at any season of the year.

[See footnote 3 for this section]

5.

Alteration of limits of ports.

5. Alteration of limits of ports. (1) The 1*[Government] may, 2*

subject to any rights of private property, alter the limits of any port in which this Act is in force.

5*[Explanation.--For the removal of doubts, it is hereby declared that the power conferred on the Government by this sub-section includes the power to alter the limits of any port by uniting with that port any other port or any part of any other port.]

(2) When the 1*[Government] alters the limits of a port under sub-section (1), it shall declare or describe, by notification in the Official Gazette, and by such other means, if any, as it thinks fit, the precise extent of such limits.

6.

Power to make port-rules.

6. Power to make port-rules. (1) The 1*[Government] may, in addition to any rules which it may make under any other enactment for the time being in force, make such rules, consistent with this Act, as it thinks necessary for any of the following purposes, namely:--

(a) for regulating the time and hours at and during which, the speed at which, and the manner and conditions in and on which, vessels generally or vessels of any class defined in the rules, may enter, leave or be moved in any port subject to this Act;

(b) for regulating the berths, stations and anchorages to be occupied by vessels in any such port;

(c) for striking the yards and top masts, and for rigging-in the booms and yards, of vessels in any such port, and for swinging or taking-in davits, boats and other things projecting from such vessels;

(d) for the removal or proper hanging or placing of anchors, spars and other things being in or attached to vessels in any such port;

(e) for regulating vessels whilst taking-in or discharging passengers, ballast or cargo, or any particular kind of cargo, in any such port, and the stations to be occupied by vessels whilst so engaged;

3*[(ee) for regulating the manner in which oil or water mixed with oil shall be discharged in any such port and for the disposal of the same;]

4*[(eee) for regulating the bunkering of vessels with liquid fuel in any such port and the description of barges, pipe lines or tank vehicles to be employed in such bunkering;]

[See footnote 4 for this section]

(f) for keeping free passages of such width as may be deemed necessary within any such port, and along or near to the piers, jetties, landing-places, wharves, quays, docks, moorings and other works in or adjoining to the same, and for marking out the spaces so to be kept free;

(g) for regulating the anchoring, fastening, mooring and unmooring of vessels in any such port;

(h) for regulating the moving and warping of all vessels within any such port and the use of warps therein;

(i) for regulating the use of the mooring buoys, chains and other moorings in any such port;

(j) for fixing the rates to be paid for the use of such moorings when belonging to the 1*[Government] or of any boat, hawser or other thing belonging to the Government;

2*[(jj) for regulating the use of piers, jetties, landing places, wharves, quays, warehouses and sheds when belonging to the 1*[Government] and for fixing the rates to be paid for the use of the same;]

(k) for licensing and regulating catamarans plying for hire, and flats and cargo, passenger and other boats plying, whether for hire or not, and whether regularly or only occasionally, in or partly within and partly without any such port, 3*[and for licensing and regulating the crews of any such vessels;] and for determining the quantity of cargo or number of passengers 3*[or of the crew] to be carried by any such vessels 3*[and may by such rules provide for the fees payable in respect of any such license, and in the case of 4*[vessels] plying for hire, for the rates of hire to be charged and the conditions under which such vessels shall be compelled to ply for hire, and further for the conditions under which any license may be revoked];

(l) for regulating the use of fires and lights within any such port;

(m) for enforcing and regulating the use of signals or signal-lights by vessels by day or by night in any such port;

[See footnote 5 for this section]

(n) for regulating the number of the crew which must be on board any vessel afloat within the limits of any such port;

(o) for regulating the employment of persons engaged in cleaning or painting vessels, or in working in the bilges, boilers or double bottoms of vessels in any such port;

1*[(p) 2* for the prevention of danger arising to the public health by the introduction and the spread of any infectious or contagious disease from vessels arriving at, or being in, any such port, and for the prevention of the conveyance of infection or contagion by means of any vessel sailing from any such port, and in particular and without prejudice to the generality of this provision, for--

(i) the signals to be hoisted and the places of anchorage to be taken up by such vessels having any case, or suspected...

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