The Children Act, 1960

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The Children Act, 1960

THE CHILDREN ACT, 1960 1*

ACT NO. 60 OF 1960

[26th December, 1960.]

An Act to provide for the care, protection, maintenance, welfare, training, education and rehabilitation of neglected or delinquent children and for the trial of delinquent children in the Union territories.

BE it enacted by Parliament in the Eleventh Year of the Republic of India as follows:--

CHAP

PRELIMINARY

CHAPTER I

PRELIMINARY

1.

Short title, extent and commencement.

1. Short title, extent and commencement. (1) This Act may be called the Children Act, 1960.

(2) It extends to all the Union territories.

(3) It shall come into force in any Union territory on such date 2* as the Administrator may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint and different dates may be appointed for different areas thereof.

2.

Definitions.

2. Definitions. In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,--

(a) "Administrator" means the administrator of a Union territory, whether called a Lieutenant Governor, a Chief Commissioner or by any other name;

(b) "begging" means--

(i) soliciting or receiving alms in a public place or entering on any private premises for the purpose of soliciting or receiving alms, whether under the pretence of singing, dancing, fortune-

telling, performing tricks or selling articles or otherwise;

(ii) exposing or exhibiting with the object of obtaining or extorting alms any sore, wound, injury, deformity or disease, whether of himself or of any other person or of an animal;

(iii) allowing oneself to be used as an exhibit for the purpose of soliciting or receiving alms;

[See footnote 1 for this section]

(c) "Board" means a Child Welfare Board constituted under section 4;

(d) "brothel", "prostitute", "prostitution" and "public place" shall have the meanings respectively assigned to them in the Suppression of Immoral Traffic in Women and Girls Act, 1956 (104 of 1956);

(e) "child" means a boy who has not attained the age of sixteen years or a girl who has not aftained the age of eighteen years;

(f) "children's court" means a court constituted under section 5;

(g) "children's home" means an institution established or certified by the Administrator under section 9 as a children's home;

(h) "competent authority" means, in relation to neglected children, a Board constituted under section 4 and, in relation to delinquent children a children's court constituted under section 5, and where no such Board or children's court has been constituted, includes any court empowered under sub-section (2) of section 7 to exercise the powers conferred on a Board or children's court;

(i) "dangerous drug" shall have the meaning assigned to it in the Dangerous Drugs Act, 1930 (2 of 1930);

(j) "delinquent child" means a child who has been found to have committed an offence;

1*[(jj) "fit person" or "fit institution" means any person or institution (not being a police station or jail) found fit by the competent authority to receive and take care of a child entrusted to his or its care and protection on the terms and conditions specified by the competent authority;]

(k) "guardian" in relation to a child, includes any person who, in the opinion of the competent authority having cognizance of any proceeding in relation to a child, has, for the time being, ...

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